Arthritis means joint inflammation, but the term is used to describe around conditions that affect joints, the tissues that surround the joint, and other connective tissue. It is a rheumatic condition.
TYPES OF ARTHRITIS
The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. Other common rheumatic conditions related to arthritis, are fibromyalgia, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Rheumatic conditions tend to involve pain, aching, stiffness, and swelling in and around one or more joints. Arthritis is more common among adults aged 65 years or older, but it can affect people of all ages, including children.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults in the United States have received a diagnosis of some form of arthritis.
Factors that trigger the development of arthritis include injury, abnormal metabolism, genetic makeup, infections, and immune system dysfunction.
Treatment for arthritis aims to control pain, minimise joint damage, and improve or maintain function and quality of life. A range of medications and lifestyle strategies can help achieve this and protect joints from further damage.
Drugs like: Analgesics, anti-inflammatory, Counterirritants, Corticosteroids etc
Balanced diet with appropriate exercise, avoiding smoking, and not drinking excess alcohol can help people with arthritis maintain their overall health.
There is no specific diet that treats arthritis, but some types of food may help reduce inflammation. The following foods, found in a, can provide many nutrients that are good for joint health:
– nuts and seeds
– fruits and vegetables
– olive oil
– whole grains
Foods to avoid
There are some foods that people with arthritis may want to avoid.
– Nightshade vegetables, such as tomatoes, contain a chemical called solanine that some studies have linked with arthritis pain.
Self-management of arthritis symptoms is also important.
Key strategies include:
– staying physically active
– achieving and maintaining a healthy weight
– getting regular check-ups with the doctor
– protecting joints from unnecessary stress.
Written by Sarah Amah.