Dysmenorrhea

is the medical term for pain with your period (menstruation)or menstrual cramps.

There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary

?Primary Dysmenorrhea is the name for common menstrual cramps that come back over and over again,and are not due to other diseases.pain usually begins some days before period, or when bleeding actual starts.you may feel pain ranging from mild to servers in the lower abdomen, back or thighs.
Pain can typically last 12/72 hours and you might have other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fatigue and diarrhea.

?Secondary Dysmenorrhea: if you have painful period because of a disorder or an infection in your female reproductive organs,this is called secondary dysmenorrhea. pain from secondary dysmenorrhea usually begins earlier in the menstrual cycle and last longer than common mental cramps.

WHAT CAUSES PAINFUL MENSTRUAL CRAMPS

Menstrual cramps happen when a chemical called prostaglandin makes the uterus contract(tighten up)the uterus,the muscular organ where a baby grows,contract throughout your menstrual cycle.during menstuation, the uterus contract more strongly,it press against nearly blood vessels,cutting off the supply of oxygen to muscle tissue.you feel pain when part of the muscle briefly losses its supply of oxygen.

HOW CAN YOU RELIEVE DYSMENORRHEA

?Rest well
?Avoid foods that contains caffeine
?Avoid smoking and drinking of alcohol
?Massage your lower back and abdomen
?Exercise regularly
?Oral intake of non steroid ant inflammatory drugs
?Oral contraceptives
?Yoga
?Acupuncture
?Eating healthy

Menstruation is normal.you might get cramps, but you don’t have to suffer silently with them. Feel free to talk to a healthcare provider about painful period.

 

Written by: Josephine Wuraola

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