This is a respiratory disease characterized by difficulty in breathing with wheezing. It is due to bronchiolar constriction caused by spastic contraction of the smooth muscle in bronchioles leading to obstruction of air passage. The obstruction is further exaggerated by edema of the mucous membrane and accumulation of mucus in the lumen of bronchioles.
Asthma is a paroxysmal (sudden) disorder because the attack commences and ends abruptly. During the attack the difficulty is felt both during inspiration and expiration. Bronchioles have inherent tendency to dilate during inspiration and construct during expiration. So more difficulty is experienced during expiration.

So air in the lungs are pushed through the constricted bronchioles producing a whistling sound. Because of difficulty during expiration, the lungs are not deflated completely so that the residual volume and functional residual capacity are increased .


– Wheezing
– Cough


?Inflammation of air passage : the leukotriens releases from eosinophils and mast call during inflammation caused bronchospasm.

?Hypersensitivity of efferent glossopharyngeal and vagal ending in larynx and afferent trigeminal endings in nose: hypersensitivity of these nerves endings is produced by some allergic substances like foreign proteins.

?Pulmonary edema and congestion of the lungs caused by left ventricular failure: the asthma developed due to this condition called cardiac asthma.

Ways to help relieve asthma

1. Dietary changes
Although there’s no specific diet for people with severe asthma, there are a few steps you can take that may help with your symptoms.Being overweight can often worsen severe asthma. It’s important to maintain a healthy and balanced diet, which includes plenty of fruits and vegetables. These are good sources of antioxidants like beta-carotene and vitamins C and E, and they may help to reduce inflammation around your airways.

If you experience a flare-up in asthma symptoms after eating certain foods, try to avoid eating them. It’s possible that you have a food allergy that’s causing your symptoms to worsen. Talk to your doctor to confirm this.

2. Papworth method
The Papworth method is a breathing and relaxation technique that has been used since the 1960s to help people with asthma. It involves using your nose and diaphragm to develop breathing patterns. You can then apply these breathing patterns to various activities that may cause your asthma to flare-up.

A training course is usually recommended before adopting the exercises as part of your daily routine.

3. Garlic
Garlic has several health benefits, including anti-inflammatory properties. Asthma being an inflammatory disease, garlic may be able to help relieve your symptoms.

4. Ginger
Ginger is another herb that contains anti-inflammatory properties and may help with severe asthma. A 2013 study showed that oral ginger supplements were linked to an improvement in asthma symptoms.

5. Honey
Honey is frequently used in cold remedies to help soothe the throat and reduce coughing. You can mix honey with a hot beverage like herbal tea to provide relief for your symptoms.

6. Omega-3 oils
Omega-3 oils, which can be found in fish and flax seeds, have been shown to have many health benefits. They may also work to decrease airway inflammation and improve lung function in people with severe asthma.High doses of oral steroids, though, can block the beneficial effects of omega-3 oils. It’s a good idea to check with your doctor before upping your intake of omega-3.

7. Caffeine
Caffeine is a bronchodilator and can reduce respiratory muscle fatigue. It may be able to improve the function of airways for up to four hours after consumption.

8. Yoga
Yoga incorporates stretching and breathing exercises to help boost flexibility and increase your overall fitness. For many people, practicing yoga can decrease stress, which may trigger your asthma.
The breathing techniques utilized in yoga may also help to reduce the frequency of asthma attacks.

9) Bronchodilators

In conclusion, some of these natural remedies may be able to help reduce asthma symptoms. But you should still adhere to the medications your doctor prescribes.

Written by: Samuel Sobiye

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